Individual fluoride prophylaxis in children and adolescents


Prevention above all

Fluorine is added to drinking water in many countries, which helps in the prevention of caries. Its presence in drinking water and oral hygiene products helps prevent the formation of cavities and improves the hardness of tooth enamel.

For children and adolescents, it is important to use fluoride products and take proper care of oral hygiene. It is recommended to use fluoride toothpastes, as well as regular visits to the dentistto make sure that the child or young man does not have problems with teeth and gums.

Scientific studies indicate that the use of fluoride in drinking water and oral hygiene products can reduce the risk of tooth decay by up to 70%. Fluoride helps prevent cavities, because creates a protective barrier on the surface of the teeth, which inhibits the growth of bacteria that cause caries.

In addition to using products with fluoride it is also important for children and adolescents to adopt appropriate eating habits, such as avoiding sugar and carbohydrate-rich foods. A diet rich in vegetables and fruits can help maintain healthy teeth and gums.

The basis for the prevention of caries is:

  • correct diet
  • care for oral hygiene
  • the use of prophylactic products containing fluorides

Fluoride prophylaxis — fluoridation

Fluoridation in children and adolescents is especially important. During this period, permanent teeth develop, which are more prone to caries. Fluoride can help prevent tooth decay in younger children who are not yet able to brush their teeth thoroughly. Also in older children and adolescents who often eat sweet and do not follow a healthy diet.

There are two main ways to fluoridate teeth:
  • Professional fluoridation is performed by a dentist and consists in applying a special fluorine-containing preparation to the teeth. This type of fluoridation is especially effective in children with a high risk of caries and in children, which is difficult to teach good oral hygiene.
  • Home fluoridation involves the use of products with fluorideproducts such as toothpaste and mouthwash.

Fluoride — restrictions on administration

It is worth remembering that excess fluoride can cause serious health problems, such as fluorosis. therefore it is important to use fluoride products as directed and control the amount of fluoride supplied to the body. Children under 6 years of age should use toothpaste without fluoride. Those with fluoride should be used in a limited amount and only under the control of the dentist. If you use fluoride in the form of rinses and aerosols, you should also check the amount and frequency of use with your dentist. It is also worth avoiding excessive consumption of products containing calcium fluoride, such as certain mineral waters or dietary supplements.

In addition, it is important to encourage children and adolescents to practice regular oral hygiene, including brushing their teeth at least twice a day and using dental floss and mouthwashes. Regular visits to Dentists as well are necessary in fluoride prophylaxis.

This allows for early detection and treatment of possible health problems.The effectiveness and safety provided by fluoride prophylaxis is conditioned by the individual selection of methods and preventive measures depending on:
  • Exposure to fluorides from various sources
  • The age of the child and his state of health
  • Caries risk level
  • Degree of involvement and capacity of the child's parents
In conclusion, fluoride prophylaxis is essential in maintaining healthy teeth and oral cavity in children and adolescents. Using fluoride products as directed, avoiding excessive fluoride consumption, regular oral hygiene, and visits to the dentist are key components of prevention. It is important that parents and caregivers educate children and adolescents on proper fluoride prophylaxis and control the amount of fluoride supplied to the body.

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